Full Conditions Surveys
Pre-Purchase Surveys are a pre-requisite to the outright purchase of a pre-owned ship, vessel or yacht. Pinpointing previous repairs, construction faults, lack of maintenance among others. Your surveyor can save you from sleepless nights and unpleasant nightmares, not to mention hard-earned money. We offer a Professional Consultancy Service and we carry out Surveys on all types of vessels.
A pre purchase yacht survey is a detailed in and out of water technical inspection of a vessel. Marine Surveys are usually performed both dry ground and afloat, to establish the full extent of the yacht’s condition. Lifting costs are not included in the pre purchase yacht survey fees. Bear in mind that you are the surveyor’s client and that there should be room to tailor any pre purchase survey to meet your needs.
All pre purchase yacht surveys will be undertaken subject to the terms of an agreement with you giving details of the extent of the pre purchase yacht survey.
Pre-purchase surveys have to be carried out by non-destructive means. Normally, access will be limited to only easily removable panels on the yacht. If deeper access is required to the yacht then this can be gained only with the owner’s approval. Normally Pre-Purchase Marine Survey provides an opinion only on the structural and mechanical condition of the vessel and applies to all reasonably visible aspects of the vessel, her rig, machinery, service systems and her equipment. It should be noted however, that unless a hull has been completely shot blasted or cleaned back to the bare gel-coat, wood or steel as appropriate prior to the survey, we cannot confirm the detailed condition of the hull surface and any conclusions will therefore be based on the evidence of the sample areas examined. It is accepted practice in Europe that areas of bottom coating will be scraped-off during survey to enable material moisture content and/or thickness to be gauged, as necessary. Nevertheless, this is only done with the owner’s approval, and normally the costs to scrapping-off some antifouling spots are dealt to be paid in advance between the seller and future owner.
The prospective owner requires the surveyor to thoroughly inspect the vessel, her machinery, rig, service systems and equipment, to find, as far as practical, her condition, quality and any faults. In both cases the findings are recorded in a clear and detailed report along with recommendations for the rectification of defects and a conclusion giving an overview of the state of the vessel in relation to its age and the significance of the defects found. In the case of the pre-purchase survey the report is particularly comprehensive giving the purchaser a sound basis for making the decision whether to buy or not and for carrying out possible further negotiations with the vendor.
These surveys should include, where possible, a full out of water inspection, to assess the structural integrity and water-tightness of the hull, rudder and stern gear. This will also include the condition of the cathodic protection, and an examination of the machinery (non-invasive), propulsion, fuel, electrical, gas, sewage, water and other service systems. A sea trial may be conducted, where practical.
The nautical items, appearance, and an assessment of the overall level of maintenance, general condition, structural and mechanical integrity of the vessel will be considered.
As a summary, our Pre-Purchase Yacht Survey will include the following:
* Inspection of the ship’s papers and the general identification of the vessel against her registration documents
*External hull Inspection from the waterline till deck.
*Inspection of deck, deck gear and superstructure, and humidity test of the deck.
*Inspection the internal structure as far as possible, including skin fittings, keel bolts, and valve without remove or dismantle covered or inaccessible areas
*Inspection main parts of main engine room, testing engines and ancillary equipment, with a short sea trial (captain must be provided by the seller).
*Oil engine sample test (Optionally)
*Inspection of bridge and electronic equipment
*Visual inspection of electrical installation and main electrical panel.
*Inspection of safety gear condition
*Inspection of accommodation areas and watertight devices
*Inspection of mast step, boom and mast as far as it can be reached from the deck. Not included to analyse sails condition or racing performance.
*If the yacht is on dry-dock during our survey, we will check the general condition of the underside of the hull, including keel, rudder blade, rudder axis, propeller, and bow thruster.
*Any damages, deformation, or symptoms of internal humidity on hull shell will be reported. Optionally, a full osmosis survey can be offered previous agreement.
*Writing report of the findings and conclusions after the survey along the following lines: “The Vessel we have visited is Satisfactory, Requires minor Cosmetic Repairs, Requires a Rebuild, Should be put ashore for Safety Reasons … “
Yacht Pre-Purchase Survey Considerations:
The Survey does not provide an opinion on the condition of those parts of the vessel which are covered, unexposed or inaccessible nor on areas or in spaces not presented visible, for example behind linings, beneath fixed cabin soles or floors etc. unless these are accessible through normally portable or readily accessible locker lids, hatch covers, traps or similar access points.
Machinery installations, auxiliary and ancillary equipment, gas, and other service systems, electronic equipment, pumping and plumbing, sanitation system, navigational aids and other sundry items will be visually inspected only.
Oil Analysis is not systematically included in the report and instructions should be given to the surveyor prior to his visit should you require this test. It should be noted that engines have to have run at least 50 hours on the lubricating oil for the results of the analysis to be indicative of the engine’s condition and state of tune. Analysis after recent oil changes, prior to winterizing, for example, will not give a true picture of engine condition.
The mast and rigging, when stepped, shall be inspected to ‘head height’ only. We cannot inspect woodwork or other parts of the structure which are covered, unexposed or inaccessible and we are, therefore, unable to report that any such part of the structure is free from defect.
A pre-purchase survey DOES NOT include a Valuation of the vessel.
A typical Pre-Purchase Condition Survey Report is based on the day the craft was inspected NOT the day the report was written or issued. Inspection will probably take one day